The city was founded by Raja Ajay Pal
Chauhan in the 7th Century A.D. and continued to be a major centre of the
Chauhan power till 1193 A.D. When Prithviraj Chauhan lost it to Mohammed
Ghauri. Since then, Ajmer became home to many dynasties. It is a centre of
culture and education, the British chose Ajmer for its prestigious Mayo
College a school exclusively for Indian nobility.
Ajmer is also
the base for visiting Pushkar (11 km.), the abode of Lord Brahma, lying to
its west with a temple and a picturesque lake. Ajaipal Chauhan founded Ajmer
in the seventh century. He constructed a hill fort "Ajaimeur" or
the invincible hill. The Chauhans ruled Ajmer till the 12th century when
Prithviraj Chauhan lost Mohammed Ghauri. Thereafter it became a part of the
sultanate of Delhi.
Ajmer was also favourite residence for the
great Mughals. One of the first contacts between the Mughal King Jahangir
and Sir Thomas Roe took place here in 1616. The Scindias took over the city
in 1818 and then handed it over to the British and it became one of the only
part of Rajasthan controlled directly by the East Indian Co. The saint's
tomb, Khwaja Muinuddin Hasan Chishti, a sufi saint, with a splendid marble
dome is in the centre of the second courtyard which is surrounded by a
silver platform. The shrine attracts thousands of pilgrims during the
Urs-commemorating the death anniversary of the Saint, held from the 1st to
6th day of the Islamic month of Rajab.