Agra had been the chosen
city of Mughals for years as it was close to Delhi. However, the
history of Agra is much more older than the times of Mughals. The great
Hindu epic 'Mahabharat' refers to 'Agraban' as an integral part of the Brij
Bhumi or the land of Lord Krishna. It is claimed that this was the region of
Agra, covered by forests then.
However, the city is said
to be founded in 1475 during the reign of Raja Badal Singh. Mughal
monarchs transformed the land into one of the great centres of art, culture,
learning and commerce. Massive monuments, majestic buildings and still
flourishing arts and crafts including leatherwork and pietra dura
marble-inlay work along with delicious Mughal cuisine have now become an
inseparable part or more, the identity of the city.