|» Location :
||203 km from New delhi
|» Built In :
|» Significance :
||City of Taj Mahal
|» Best Time To Visit :
||October to March
Agra - The city known for the famous monument of love - the Taj
Taj Mahal was constructed by the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jehan.
It is said he built this monument in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaj
Mahal. The Taj Mahal is ethereal at any part of the day - blushing in the
rosy glow of dawn or sunset , appearing like a pearly mirage in the
moonlight or reflected in the pools of the garden. Perhaps the most moving
view of the Taj is from an octagonal tower in the Agra Fort further along
the river Yamuna.
There are very few cities in the world that
can match the history and heritage of Agra. Located at a distance of 204 km
south of Delhi, Agra is the single most famous tourist destination of India.
Situated on the west bank of River Yamuna, Agra is a part of the great
Norther Indian plains. The architectural splendor of the
city is reflected in the glorious monuments of medieval India built by great
who ruled India for more than 300 years. In the mid 16th
century and earlier 17th century Agra witnessed a frenzied building activity
and it was during this time when the symbol of love Taj Mahal was built. The
buildings made during this era were purely in the contemporary Mughal style
and of very high quality which is still reflected in what ever monuments
remain in Agra.
Agra Fort : The construction of
the Agra fort was started around 1565 when the initial structures were built
Major Attractions of Agra
Shah Jahan replaced most of these with his marble
creations. Some however survived, among them are Delhi Gate, Amar Singh
Gate, Akbari Mahal and the Jahangiri Mahal. The fort is crescent-shaped,
flattened on the east with a long, nearly straight wall facing the river.
It has a total perimeter of 2.4 km, and is ringed by double
castellated ramparts of red sandstone punctuated at regular intervals by
bastions. A 9mt. wide and 10mt.deep moat surrounds the outer wall. An
imposing 22mt. high inner wall imparts a feeling of invincible defensive
construction. The route through the Amar Singh gate is dog-legged. The
layout of the fort was determined by the course of the river, which in those
days flowed alongside. The main axis is parallel to the river and the walls
bridge out towards the city.
Fatehpur Sikri : A royal city perfectly
preserved, Fatehpur Sikri provides a marvellous escape into the past.
Akbar embarked on the construction of a new capital here when a prophecy of
the birth of a male royal heir, by the Sufi Saint Salim Chisti of Sikri,
Imposing gateways and light - hearted palaces were
built in red sandstone within this fortified city only to be abandoned a few
years later. Sikandra Fort : Welcome
to Sikandra, a supurb of Agra, only 13 km. from the Agra Fort
last resting place of the Mughal emperor Akbar. Akbar was the greatest of
the Mughal emperors and one of the most secular minded royalties of his
time. He was the heir to a long tradition of oriental refinement, a great
patron of the arts, literature, philosophy and science.
to Akbar's monument opens before one, the completeness of Akbar's
personality as completely as the Taj Mahal does of Mumtaz Mahal's. Akbar's
vast, beautifully carved, red-ochre sandstone tomb is set amidst a lush
garden. Akbar himself planned his own tomb and selected a suitable site for
it. To construct a tomb in one's lifetime was a Tartary custom which the
Mughals followed religiously. Akbar's son Jahangir completed the
construction of this pyramidal tomb in 1613. Khaas
Situated in between the golden pavilions is the Khaas Mahal.
Built entirely of marble by Shah Jahan, the palace demonstrates distinctive
Islamic-Persian features. These are well blended with a striking range of
Hindu features such as chhatries. It is considered to be emperor's sleeping
room or' Aramgah', The Khaas Mahal provides the most successful example of
painting on a white marble surface. Diwan-E-Khaas
To the right of Sheesh Mahal is Diwan-e-Khaas, the Hall of Private
Audience. Presently entry is not allowed inside Diwan-e-Khaas but the fine
proportions of the building can easily be appreciated. The marble pillars
are inlaid with semi-precious stones in delightful floral patterns.
Places to Stay in Agra
Agra is one of the major tourist destination, where
international tourist inflow is also quite good. So the options of luxurious
accommodations are plenty. If you are a budget travellers, there are
numerous tourist lodges as well mid-range hotels in Agra.
Shopping in Agra
Agra is also famous for the leather items. Agra is the hub of
hand made leather items. Particularly the Agra jail inmates are make these
items which are sold to give them a decent earning. The local artisans are
also good at making leather chappals (sandals), purses, bags, decorative
items and many more such leather product which instantaneously attracts your
In the handicraft craft emporiums and shops there are
sandal and rose wood items even though there are no rose or sandal wood
forest nearby. The shops also have brass decorative pieces and stone carved
images. Agra is also famous for the Zari and embroidery work, Stone inlay
work and durries.
How to Get there
Agra is one of the hottest tourist
destinations in India and all facilities have been provided for the easy
access to this place. It has its own airport which connects Agra with all
the major places in India. The Agra airport or the Kheria airport has all
the major domestic airlines having their services to this place of the Taj.
Agra is a major railway station with
almost all the trains to south India, Mumbai and many trains to Calcutta
stopping here. Agra city is visited by the "Palace on Wheels" .The
Rajdhani and Shatabdi trains have also their stoppage in Agra. The city is
well connected by trains to almost every corner of the nation.
Agra has the National Highway Numbers 2, 3, 11
passing through it. So the premier tourist destination of India, Agra is
also well linked by bus services to other places in the State as well as
outside the state.